WORLD WAR 1
The war strted on July 28, 1914
The war ended on Nov 11 1918
Soldiers lived in trenches
An explosion on the battlefield in France was heard in England
WW1 Journalists risked their lives to report on the war
12 million letters were delivered to the frontline every week
Plastic surgery was invented because of WW1
❤ The youngest British soldier in WW1 was just 12 years old
WORLD WAR 11
WW2 was essentially a continuation of WW1. At the end of WW1 the Treaty of Versailles was signed. The treaty placed most of the blame on Germany, requiring them to pay large amts of reparations and forcing the country to disarm. This angered Hitler who manipulated the German people and their discontent to run as Chancellor in the 1930’s, promising to restore Germany.
The immediate cause of WW2 was the German invasion of Poland.
Canada joined WW2 right from the beginning, in 1939 when they realized the immensity of what was before them.
Canadian women were not allowed to fight during the Second World War but they did just about everything else. Hundreds of thousands stepped into jobs in wartime industry. Tens of thousands joined the women’s divisions of the Armed Forces. At home and abroad they were welders and pilots, nurses and clerks.
WINSTON CHURCHILL was a British statesman who served as Prime Minister of the U.K. from 1940-1945, during the Second World War and again from 1951 to 1955. Churchill was best known for his wartime leadership, however, he was also a Nobel-Prize winning writer and historian, a prolific painter and one of the longest serving politicians in British history. Some people say that Churchill was born to save Britain from the tyranny of Nazi Germany.
In the U.S., at the start of WW2, President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared the U.S. would practice neutrality. However on March 11, 1941 the “Lend-Lease Act” was passed which allowed the U.S. to provide military aid to allied nations during WW2.
Germany surrendered in May of 1945.
The Marshall Plan gave $12 billion to Western European countries in economic turmoil caused by WW2.
In a Canadian book published after WW2 titled “Sons of the Brave”, it depicts the “boy soldiers”, underage soldiers who enlisted as young as 13, the youngest victims of war:
This deals with the defence of the Village of Carpiquet by the Hitlerjugend during the 1944 invasion of Normandy. In this three-day long battle, 150 soldiers stemmed the advance of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Brigade. Pounded by the guns of two battleships standing off-shore, they still held the attackers at bay. But the defenders of Carpiquet were all boys, some as young as ten.
When the fire slackened, the brigade officers knew the defenders were fast running out of ammunition, that their weaponry was reduced to rifles and Spandau machine guns. Being a first generation German-speaking Canadian, he was sent with his platoon commander in a bren gun carrier to persuade a single soldier in a foxhole to surrender. The soldier refused, so the exasperated platoon officer tossed a grenade into the hole. Afterwards, the dead soldier’s pay book revealed that he had been a 14-year-old. ❤
LEST WE FORGET